The main types of visas
A visa is the primary authorization that grants the right to cross the border or stay in a foreign country for a temporary period of time.
Polish “C” type visa (Schengen visa)
Polish D-type visa (national visa)
It is valid in the Schengen Area and grants the right to stay in all Schengen member states. Single or multiple entries into a Schengen member state cannot exceed 90 days within any 180-day period.
It grants the visa holder the right to enter the territory of the Republic of Poland and stay in that territory uninterruptedly for a period exceeding 90 days within the validity of the visa, but not exceeding 1 year. The D-type national visa of Poland also grants the right to travel to the territory of other Schengen countries for up to 90 days within a 180-day period during the validity of the visa.
The main purposes of the Schengen area are tourism, visits, short-term work, and business activities. Obtaining a Schengen visa is generally easier than obtaining a national visa. The processing time for Schengen visa applications is significantly shorter.
The main purposes of a national visa are the following: work, study, and business. Visas for these purposes can vary significantly in terms of duration of stay and the required documentation for obtaining them.
|The request to extend a Schengen visa or a national visa is submitted to the competent authority responsible for the foreigner’s place of residence (a Schengen visa can be extended for up to 90 days within a 180-day period).
|A Schengen visa can be extended for a maximum of 90 days within a 180-day period.
|The duration of stay under an extended national visa cannot exceed the authorized period of stay granted by the visa, which is typically 1 year.
|To extend their stay in Poland, a foreigner can apply for a temporary residence permit in Poland.
The process of legal employment for Ukrainian citizens in Poland:
Step 1: Foreigners from Ukraine, as well as from Belarus, Georgia, Armenia, and Moldova, have simplified access to the Polish labor market.
- Ukrainian citizens, along with citizens from the mentioned countries, can legally work in Poland by submitting a work invitation (“oświadczenie”) and obtaining the necessary visa to stay in Poland legally.
Step 2: After three months of working with a specific employer, the employee can apply for a type A permit or a temporary residence and work permit in Poland to continue their employment.
- Foreign workers are subject to all employment regulations, including social protection, just like any local employee.
- It is possible to change employers, but the new employer must obtain a new document (permit) authorizing the foreign worker to work.
- First, the foreign individual should receive a job offer
- The employer should then prepare a work invitation or any other necessary permit for the prospective employee
- The foreign individual, after receiving the work invitation, should obtain a type D visa in their home country
- The individual arrives in Poland with a valid visa for work purposes
- Before commencing work, the individual should undergo a medical examination
- Finally, the individual should sign an employment contract.
How can citizens of Uzbekistan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, and Kazakhstan work legally in Poland?
Three simple rules:
- The foreigner needs to find a job, or the employer needs to find a foreigner.
- A work permit must be obtained (legal employment).
- A visa must be obtained (legal stay).
Unfortunately, these foreigners are not eligible for any privileges, and work invitations are not applicable. Citizens of these mentione
If you are planning to travel to Poland (while being in your home country):
- First, the foreigner needs to find a job offer in Poland.
- A work permit is required: A type work permit (legal employment).
- The employer applies for the work permit in Poland.
- Once the foreigner receives the work permit for Poland, they can apply for a visa in their home country (legal stay).
- The foreigner arrives in Poland, signs the employment contract, undergoes medical examinations, and starts working.
An A type work permit is a document issued for a period of up to 3 years. The preliminary processing time for issuing the permit is 1-2 months, but it may take up to 3-6 months.
Invitations for foreigners to Poland
One of the ways for a foreigner (Chinese, Filipino, or citizen of another country) to come to Poland is through invitations from foreign guests. Invitations for foreigners to Poland are registered at the request of the inviting person by entering them into the invitation register. The inviting individual or company applies to the local authorities or registration office for issuing the invitation. The registered invitation can be issued for a maximum period of 1 year. After receiving the invitation, the foreigner needs to apply to the Polish consulate in their home country for obtaining a visa. In this case, we are referring to a visa called “visitor visa” (Type “02”), which is issued for family or friends visits and also grants the right to work if the foreigner has a work permit.
To have the invitation included in the invitation register, the following documents must be submitted:
- Documents confirming the ability to cover expenses related to the foreigner’s stay, including accommodation and meal expenses, expenses for the return journey to the country of origin or residence, or expenses for transit to a third country that issues an entry permit.
- Documents proving the legal ownership of the residential premises where the foreigner will be registered upon arrival in the territory of the Republic of Poland.
The inviting foreigner must have sufficient funds to cover the expenses related to the foreigner’s stay in the territory of the Republic of Poland, including accommodation and meal expenses for themselves, each family member accompanying them, and each invited foreigner, amounting to at least 515 PLN per each month of the planned stay for each of these individuals.
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